Jumat, 02 Agustus 2013


Bali is one of the 13.000 island in indone, is famous for its scenic beauty , dinsmic culture, and friendly people. Located just south of the equator, tropical bali has hot, wet season ( November – March ) and a cool dry / rainy season ( May – September ). Towering volcanoes, some still active, contain large lakes which provide water for irrigation thousands of the rice field, enebling up to 30 harvest / year.
Over the century the Balinese have fused inluences from Asia and the west with their own traditions. Prehistoric remains  predating  the cristians era have been found, but the earliest inscriptions date only  from the 9th century. Buddism arrived from India during the first few centuries. Followed by hinduism and trade contacts with china. Relation with Java began in the 11th century, but full javanese control of Bali did not come untyl 1334 and lasted just over 100 years. A division of the realm followed as factions of the vaerious  balinese ruling houses vied for power over the next few centuries. The Dutch first landed in Bali in the late 1500s, and after many battles , Bali finally became a part of the Netherlands Indies in the early 1900s. colonial rule lasted until the japanese inveded in 1942. At the end of world war II Indonesia became  an independendent republic. Bali is one of its 27 provinces, with 9 regencies based on the territories of the former kingdoms. Bali’s tourism has resulted is spectacular economic growth, a triving hotel industry, and major improvments to transportation and comunication facilities. The international fame of Bali culture has brouht a heightened sense of identity among the balinese. Many villages produce  art and craftd, presents music and dance perfomances, and hold elaborate religious ceremonies. As always, the balinese take everything in stride, absorbing and adapting from different sources. They are flexible people, welcoming new ideas but at the same time relating a unique lifestyle guided by their social, religious, and cultural taditions.